NYS and IRS POA Forms

December 4, 2012 | Tax Laws

Form 2848 and Its Significance in Managing IRS Representation



The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the federal government agency entrusted with the oversight of the United States tax regulations and the collection of taxes. Dealing with the IRS can be a complex and sometimes daunting process, especially for individuals and businesses facing tax-related issues. However, the IRS provides mechanisms to ease this process, such as Form 2848, a crucial document that authorizes an individual to act as a representative on your behalf.   In this article, we will dig into the intricacies of Form 2848, its significance in managing IRS representation, and the necessary steps in its completion. Additionally, we will explore related forms, such as Form 8821 and Form POA-1, to provide a well-rounded understanding of how these forms play a role in facilitating tax-related matters.  

Understanding Form 2848

Form 2848, officially titled “Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative,” is a document provided by the IRS that is a powerful tool for managing your interactions with the agency. It allows you to designate a representative, an individual, or an organization to act on your behalf in dealings with the IRS.   Form 2848 consists of 7 distinct parts, with each section addressing a different aspect of the agreement:
  • Taxpayer Details (Section 1): This section requires you to provide your personal information, including your name, contact details, Social Security number, and tax ID number. This information is vital to establish your identity and connection to the tax matters.
  • Representative(s) (Section 2): In this section, you specify the representative(s) you are authorizing to act on your behalf. It includes providing their name, contact information, and tax ID number.
  • Tax Matters (Section 3): Here, you specify the tax matters for which you authorize the representative(s) to act on your behalf. This section outlines the scope of the authority granted to your representative.
  • Acts Authorized (Section 4): This section allows you to specify the actions the representative(s) are authorized to perform on your behalf. These include negotiating, signing agreements, and representing you in IRS proceedings.
  • Retention/Revocation of Prior POA(s) (Section 5): You can use this section to specify whether any prior Powers of Attorney (POAs) are being revoked or retained. It’s essential to maintain precise records of your representation status.
  • Signature(s) (Section 6): In this section, you, as the taxpayer, must sign and date the form. Additionally, any representative(s) you authorize must also sign and date the form, acknowledging their responsibilities and duties.
  • Declaration of Representative (Section 7): The representative(s) must sign and date the form, officially accepting their role and responsibilities as your designated representative. This section underscores the legal obligations and duties of the representative.

Defining the Scope of Authority

One of the most critical aspects of Form 2848 is the ability to define the scope of authority granted to your representative. It is determined by how you fill out line 3 in Part I of the form. The accuracy and specificity of this section are crucial. When completing this section, you must specify the precise issue(s), the types of forms involved, and the year(s) this authority applies.   Failure to populate line 3 accurately or the use of overly broad terms, such as “all taxes” or “all years,” can result in the IRS rejecting your Power of Attorney request. Therefore, it’s essential to exercise precision and clarity when determining the scope of authority. It ensures that your representative can effectively address specific tax matters.  

Electronic Filing of Form 2848

In today’s digital age, the IRS has streamlined the process of filing Form 2848 by offering a convenient and secure electronic filing method. This electronic submission method not only expedites the process but also enhances security and reduces paperwork. Here are the steps involved in electronically filing Form 2848:
  • Access the IRS Online Portal: Visit the IRS online portal designated for Form 2848 submission.
  • Secure Access Credentials: To log in and use the electronic filing system, you’ll need Secure Access credentials. These include a username, password, and security code. If you don’t have these credentials, you’ll need to create an account. This procedure guarantees that only individuals with proper authorization can access and submit these essential tax documents.
  • Form-Related Questions: The electronic platform will lead you through a sequence of inquiries about the particular form you are submitting. This step is crucial in ensuring that the form is accurately completed and submitted for the intended purpose.
  • Single Document Submission: It’s important to note that only one document can be submitted at a time using the electronic filing system. This limitation ensures that each submission focuses on a specific tax matter or issue.
  • Verification of Information: Once you’ve provided the necessary information and answered the form-related questions, the system will verify your identity and the accuracy of the information provided.
  • Uploading Your Signed Form 2848: Upon completing the verification process, the system will prompt you to upload your signed Power of Attorney Form 2848. It is a crucial step in confirming your intention to authorize the designated representative(s) to act on your behalf.
  • Confirmation Number: Upon successfully submitting your documents, the IRS will send a confirmation number to the email address you’ve provided. This confirmation number serves as evidence of your submission. You can reference it in case of any inquiries or follow-up actions.

Form 8821 and Form POA-1

While Form 2848 is a significant document for authorizing representatives to act on your behalf, it’s essential to note that other related forms serve different purposes within tax management.  

Form 8821

Form 8821, officially known as the “Tax Information Authorization,” is another document the IRS provides. Unlike Form 2848, Form 8821 does not authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS. Instead, its primary purpose is to allow individuals or entities to access and receive confidential information about your tax return.   Tax professionals, including certified public accountants (CPAs) and tax preparers, often use this form when they require access to your tax information for the accurate preparation of your tax return. It provides a mechanism for these professionals to retrieve necessary tax data without granting them the authority to act on your behalf in dealings with the IRS. Form 8821, like Form 2848, requires accurate completion and authorization to ensure that tax information is shared only with authorized parties.  

Form POA-1

Form POA-1 is the New York State equivalent of Form 2848. It serves a similar purpose, allowing individuals to authorize representatives to act on their behalf in dealings with the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance. The form, just like Form 2848, collects critical information such as your name, contact information, tax ID number, and the name and contact information of the representative(s) you wish to authorize.   Additionally, Form POA-1 requires you to specify the tax matters for which you authorize the representative(s) to act on your behalf. This form is crucial for individuals and businesses based in New York who need representation and assistance with state tax-related matters.  


In summary, Form 2848 is a powerful document provided by the IRS, enabling individuals to designate representatives to act on their behalf in dealings with the agency. It is a well-structured document with seven distinct sections that address various aspects of the agreement. Accurate completion of Form 2848 is essential to ensure that your representative(s) have the authority to address specific tax matters effectively.   The ability to define the scope of authority in line 3 of Part I is a critical aspect of Form 2848. Precision and clarity are necessary to avoid issues with the IRS rejecting your Power of Attorney request. The electronic filing of Form 2848 has made the process more convenient, secure, and efficient, with a clear verification process and the issuance of a confirmation number for your records.   Additionally, Form 8821 serves a different purpose by allowing authorized parties to access confidential tax information without representation authority, making it valuable for tax professionals. Form POA-1 is the New York State equivalent of Form 2848, providing similar representation authorization within the state.   In navigating the complex landscape of tax matters and IRS interactions, understanding and properly utilizing these forms is crucial. Whether you need representation, tax information access, or have specific state-related tax matters, these forms play an essential role in ensuring that your interests are properly represented and protected within the bounds of tax regulations.

Attorney Timothy Hart

Timothy S Hart, the founding partner of the tax law firm of Timothy S. Hart Law Group, P.C. is both a New York Tax Lawyer & Certified Public Accountant. His area of expertise includes innovative solutions to solve your Internal Revenue Service and New York State tax problems, including tax settlements through the Federal and New York State offer in compromise programs, filing unfiled tax returns, voluntary disclosures, tax audits, and criminal investigations. [ Attorney Bio ]